Pronunciation: /ˈæk.si.əm/ Explain
An axiom is a statement that is taken to be
true without proof. An axiom is taken to be self-evidently true, or obviously true.
In contrast, a
are believed to be true, but are not self-evident.
In math, all proofs start directly or indirectly with one or more axioms.
The word postulate means the same thing as axiom. An
axiomatic system is a logical system that is based on
points A, B, and C, C is between
A and B if AC + CB = AB.
Click on the blue points in manipulative 1 and drag them to change the figure.
Notice that if C is between A and B that
AC + CB = AB. If C is not between A and
B then AC + CB > AB.
|Angle Addition Postulate
If two angles are
they can be added together to form a larger angle. The measure of the larger angle
is the sum of the measures of the two smaller angles.
Click on the blue points in manipulative 2 and drag them to change the figure.
Notice that m∠BAC + m∠CAD = m∠BAD.
|Table 1: Examples of axioms|
- McAdams, David E.. All Math Words Dictionary, axiom. 2nd Classroom edition 20150108-4799968. pg 22. Life is a Story Problem LLC. January 8, 2015. Buy the book
- Mendell, Henry. Aristotle and Mathematics. sect 2. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Metaphysics Research Lab, CSLI, Stanford University. Last Accessed 6/12/2018. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aristotle-mathematics/#2.
- Keller, Samuel Smith. Mathematics for Engineering Students, Plane and Solid Geometry. pg 3. www.archive.org. D. Van Nostrand Company. 1908. Last Accessed 6/12/2018. http://www.archive.org/stream/mathengineer00kellrich#page/3/mode/1up/search/axiom. Buy the book
- McAdams, David E.. Euclidean Geometry. allmathwords.org. All Math Words Encyclopedia. Life is a Story Problem LLC. 6/19/2018. http://www.allmathwords.org/en/e/euclideangeometry.html.
Cite this article as:
McAdams, David E. Axiom. 12/21/2018. All Math Words Encyclopedia. Life is a Story Problem LLC. http://www.allmathwords.org/en/a/axiom.html.
12/21/2018: Reviewed and corrected IPA pronunication. (McAdams, David E.)
6/15/2018: Removed broken links, changed Geogebra links to work with Geogebra 5, updated license, implemented new markup. (McAdams, David E.)
1/1/2010: Added "References". (McAdams, David E.)
10/26/2008: Changed manipulatives from sketchpad to geogebra. (McAdams, David E.)
10/10/2008: Changed text to compare hypothesis and conjecture, expanded 'More Information'. (McAdams, David E.)
7/8/2008: Added axiomatic system. (McAdams, David E.)
4/7/2008: Added More Information. (McAdams, David E.)
3/25/2008: Added examples. (McAdams, David E.)
9/3/2007: Added synonym 'postulate'. (McAdams, David E.)
7/12/2007: Initial version. (McAdams, David E.)