Axiom

Pronunciation: /ˈæk.si.əm/ Explain

An axiom is a statement that is taken to be true without proof[2]. An axiom is taken to be self-evidently true, or obviously true. In contrast, a conjecture and a hypothesis are believed to be true, but are not self-evident.

In math, all proofs start directly or indirectly with one or more axioms. The word postulate means the same thing as axiom. An axiomatic system is a logical system that is based on axioms.

Examples

NameRepresentationDescription
Betweenness Assumption
Given collinear points A, B, and C, C is between A and B if AC + CB = AB.

Notice that if C is between A and B that AC + CB = AB. If C is not between A and B then AC + CB > AB.

If two angles are adjacent, they can be added together to form a larger angle. The measure of the larger angle is the sum of the measures of the two smaller angles.

Table 1: Examples of axioms

References

1. McAdams, David E.. All Math Words Dictionary, axiom. 2nd Classroom edition 20150108-4799968. pg 22. Life is a Story Problem LLC. January 8, 2015. Buy the book
2. Mendell, Henry. Aristotle and Mathematics. sect 2. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Metaphysics Research Lab, CSLI, Stanford University. Last Accessed 6/12/2018. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aristotle-mathematics/#2.
3. Keller, Samuel Smith. Mathematics for Engineering Students, Plane and Solid Geometry. pg 3. www.archive.org. D. Van Nostrand Company. 1908. Last Accessed 6/12/2018. http://www.archive.org/stream/mathengineer00kellrich#page/3/mode/1up/search/axiom. Buy the book

• McAdams, David E.. Euclidean Geometry. allmathwords.org. All Math Words Encyclopedia. Life is a Story Problem LLC. 6/19/2018. https://www.allmathwords.org/en/e/euclideangeometry.html.

McAdams, David E. Axiom. 4/12/2019. All Math Words Encyclopedia. Life is a Story Problem LLC. https://www.allmathwords.org/en/a/axiom.html.

Revision History

4/12/2019: Changed equations and expressions to new format. (McAdams, David E.)
12/21/2018: Reviewed and corrected IPA pronunication. (McAdams, David E.)