Ordered Pair

Pronunciation: /ˈɔrdərd pɛər/ ?

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Manipulative 1: Ordered pair Created with GeoGebra.

An ordered pair is a pair of values where the order is significant.[1] This means that the ordered pair (a,b) may not be the same as the ordered pair (b,a).

Ordered pairs are usually written in the form (a,b). The form <a,b> is sometimes used to avoid conflict with other uses of the notation (a,b). Ordered pairs are used to define the terms function and relation.

The first entry in an ordered pair is the abscissa. The second entry an ordered pair is the ordinate. The plural of abscissa is abscissae. In the ordered pair (4,-2), the abscissa is 4 and the ordinate is -2.

Equality of Ordered Pairs

Two ordered pairs are equal if and only if their corresponding elements are equal: (a1,b1) = (a2,b2) if and only if a1 = a2 and b1 = b2.

Click on the blue point in the manipulative and drag it to change the figure. Note that the ordered pair associated with the point changes depending on where the point is on the graph.

Ordered Triples

An ordered triple is a set of three numbers where order matters. Ordered triples are used, among other things, to define a point in a three dimensional Cartesian space. An example of an ordered triple is (x0,y0,z0).

Cite this article as:


Ordered Pair. 2010-03-15. All Math Words Encyclopedia. Life is a Story Problem LLC. http://www.allmathwords.org/en/o/orderedpair.html.

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Revision History


2010-03-15: Added section on "Ordered Triple" (McAdams, David.)
2009-12-21: Added "References" (McAdams, David.)
2009-10-25: Added information on abscissa, ordinate, and equality. (McAdams, David.)
2008-10-08: Added manipulative 1 (McAdams, David.)
2008-03-22: Added where ordered pairs are used (McAdams, David.)
2007-07-12: Initial version (McAdams, David.)

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