Pronunciation: /dɪˈrɛkt li prəˈpoʊr ʃə nl/ Explain
Two variables are
if they have a
This means that the
is a constant multiple of the
The general formula for direct proportion is y = kx. In
this formula k is called the
constant of proportion
constant of variation.
Figure 1: The price of gas.
Figure 2: Graph showing the relationship between gallons of gas and total price.
An example of direct proportion is the price of gasoline. On a sign
advertising the price of gas, the price is given in dollars per gallon, or price per liter.
This price is the common ratio. To calculate the total cost, multiply the
price per gallon or price per liter times the number of gallons or liters. If the
price is $3.00 per gallon, the formula for the function is t(g) = 3g, where
g is the number of gallon of gas and
t(g) is the total cost of the gas.
A synonym for direct proportion is direct variation.
Click on the point on the blue slider and drag it to change the figure.|
Which value of the constant of variation would indicate a gas price of $3.00 per gallon?
|Manipulative 1 - Direct Variation Created with GeoGebra.|
- McAdams, David E.. Direct Variation. allmathwords.org. Life is a Story Problem LLC. 1/23/2010. http://www.allmathwords.org/en/d/directvariation.html.
Cite this article as:
McAdams, David E. Directly Proportional. 7/5/2018. All Math Words Encyclopedia. Life is a Story Problem LLC. http://www.allmathwords.org/en/d/directlyproportional.html.
7/4/2018: Removed broken links, updated license, implemented new markup, implemented new Geogebra protocol. (McAdams, David E.)
1/23/2010: Added "References". (McAdams, David E.)
7/11/2008: Added manipulative. (McAdams, David E.)
6/7/2008: Corrected spelling. (McAdams, David E.)
3/10/2008: Correct grammar & formatting errors. Add verbiage (McAdams, David E.)
2/4/2008: Correct typo. (McAdams, David E.)
7/10/2007: Initial version. (McAdams, David E.)