Greek Alphabet
Pronunciation: /grik ˈælfəˌbɛt/ Explain
The Greek alphabet is often used in mathematics. The Greek letters can be
used as variables, or
represent concepts or constants. The
conventional
use of some of the letters is given.
Name | Upper Case | Lower Case | Conventional Use |
Alpha | Α | α | |
Beta | Β | β | |
Gamma | Γ | γ | Gamma is used to represent the gamma function, a generalization of factorial. |
Delta | Δ | δ | Δ is used to represent the concept of change. 'Δx' (read delta-x) means the change in x |
Epsilon | Ε | ε | ε is used to represent a very small positive quantity. |
Zeta | Ζ | ζ | |
Eta | Η | η | |
Theta | Θ | θ | θ is used as a variable to represent the measure of an angle. |
Iota | Ι | ι | |
Kappa | Κ | κ | |
Lambda | Λ | λ | |
Mu | Μ | μ | |
Nu | Ν | ν | |
Xi | Ξ | ξ | |
Omicron | Ο | ο | |
Pi | Π | π | π is constant defined as the ratio of the circumference of a circle to the diameter. Its value is approximately 3.14159. |
Rho | Ρ | ρ | |
Sigma | Σ | σ | Σ is an operator used to indicate repeated addition. |
Tau | Τ | τ | |
Upsilon | Υ | υ | |
Phi | Φ | φ | Golden section |
Chi | Χ | χ | |
Psi | Ψ | ψ | |
Omega | Ω | ω | |
References
- greek alphabet. merriam-webster.com. Encyclopedia Britannica. Merriam-Webster. Last Accessed 8/6/2018. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/greek alphabet.
- Auden, H. W. and Taylor, Allan E. A Minimum of Greek. pp 2-3. www.archive.org. Morang & Co., Limited. 1906. Last Accessed 8/6/2018. http://www.archive.org/stream/minimumofgreekha00audeuoft#page/1/mode/1up. Buy the book
- Timothy M. Hagle. Basic Math for Social Scientists: Concepts. pg vii. Sage Publications, Inc. June 29, 1995. Buy the book
- Greek letters used in mathematics, science, and engineering. en.wikipedia.org. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. Last Accessed 8/6/2018. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_letters_used_in_mathematics,_science,_and_engineering.
- Sophocles, E. A.. History of the Greek Alphabet. www.archive.org. B. B. Mussey and Company. 1848. Last Accessed 8/6/2018. http://www.archive.org/stream/historyofgreekal00sophrich#page/n5/mode/2up. Buy the book
Cite this article as:
McAdams, David E. Greek Alphabet. 8/11/2018. All Math Words Encyclopedia. Life is a Story Problem LLC. http://www.allmathwords.org/en/g/greekalphabet.html.
Image Credits
Revision History
8/7/2018: Changed vocabulary links to WORDLINK format. (
McAdams, David E.)
7/10/2018: Removed broken links, updated license, implemented new markup, implemented new Geogebra protocol. (
McAdams, David E.)
2/8/2010: Added "References". (
McAdams, David E.)
12/15/2008: Added more entries into the list. (
McAdams, David E.)
11/25/2008: Corrected appearance of lower case alpha. (
McAdams, David E.)
6/7/2008: Corrected spelling. (
McAdams, David E.)
2/18/2008: Corrected grammatical errors. (
McAdams, David E.)
9/4/2007: Initial version. (
McAdams, David E.)